Alexander Williams Tolbert

Alexander Williams Tolbert

PhD Canidate

University of Pennsylvania


In the spirit of the philosopher Charles Mills, whose focus was on developing a non-ideal theory to reform and rectify existing and potential injustices, my research program is a computational and empirically driven version of non-ideal philosophy which I coin data-driven non-ideal theory. I use empirical and formal methods to diagnose and remedy various kinds of social inequalities. My dissertation and ongoing research fall into three broad programs: philosophies of social inequality, empirical analysis, and mathematical modeling.

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  • Philosophy of Science (Machine Learning, Statistics, Causal Inference, Game Theory, Social Science)
  • Social & Political Philosophy (Algorithmic Fairness, Capability Approach, Bioethics)
  • Philosophy of Race
  • PhD in Philosophy, expected 2023

    University of Pennsylvania

  • MA in Statistics, expected 2023

    University of Pennsylvania

  • MS in Biochemistry, 2019

    Virginia Tech

  • MA in Philosophy, 2019

    Virginia Tech

  • BS in Biology, 2013

    University of Mobile


Research Scientist II Intern
Amazon Web Services
Jun 2022 – Present Remote
Research Scientist Intern
Amazon Web Services
Jun 2021 – Sep 2021 Remote

Under Review

(2022). Reconciling Individual Probability Forecasts.

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Recent & Upcoming Talks